The affiliation of sure vegetation between them makes it attainable to acquire lovely harvests and to have a lovely backyard by excluding using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. This system referred to as “companionship” consists fairly merely in associating, throughout the similar cultures, vegetation that are companions of one another which may trade varied companies similar to for instance having a repulsive or poisonous motion on particular bugs. Companionship was practiced primarily earlier than the invention of chemical pesticides, however it has been used once more for a number of years within the context particularly of permaculture and natural gardening.
Biodiversity: Medical insurance in your vegetable backyard
The higher the variety of greens, fragrant vegetation, flowers and fruit vegetation within the vegetable patch, the decrease the danger of illness and the presence of pests. Nonetheless, within the vegetable backyard, care will even be taken to not domesticate facet by facet sure vegetation of the identical genus. That is the case, for instance, of the potato and eggplant which threat competing by looking for a similar parts within the soil and changing into a straightforward goal for a similar cryptogamic illnesses and the identical predatory bugs.
To affiliate vegetation with widespread sense, you need to know that sure vegetation are eaten by parasites and poison them. Others, like fragrant vegetation, diffuse odors masking the odor of vegetation appreciated by pests and thus making them untraceable. Nonetheless others, like mustard or nasturtium, are used as bait or lures to bugs to be able to maintain them away from cultivated vegetation.
Repellents towards pests
Sure vegetation emit perfumes which may both entice pollinators for instance or repel parasites. Listed here are some examples of ecological marriage within the vegetable patch and the orchard that can prevent lots of issues in the course of the season:
Dill, fennel maintain aphids, spiders and moths away from leek.
Rue officinale repels aphids.
Chives maintain bugs away from fruit bushes and shield them from scab.
Radishes maintain leafminers away from the vines.
The carrot drives out the leek moth.
Mugwort is a repellent that retains mice, rodents, snails and slugs away.
Mint and lavender are glorious repellents towards ants and aphids.
Chervil retains the slugs away (that is additionally the case for officinal borage).
Elderflower and purge spurge helps maintain moles away.
Basil protects towards the looks of cucumber downy mildew and attracts pollinators.
The scent of the tomato repels the white cabbage.
Garlic or onion planted on the ft of peach bushes helps shield them from blistering.
Leek and onion chase the carrot fly.
Uninterested in weeding? Develop “herbicidal vegetation”!
The expansion of weeds (“weeds”) can be prevented by the allelopathic impact of sure vegetation (which emit biochemical substances within the surroundings, stopping or limiting the expansion of sure households of weeds), that is the for instance, absinthe roots (Artemisia absinthium) inhibit the expansion of weeds. The potato and tomato planted in excessive density even makes it attainable to beat the bindweed.
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